The Royal Academy of Doctors-Barcelona 1914 (RAED) is a corporation in public law, of a scientific, technical and artistic nature, the objective of which is the investigation, study, encouragement and diffusion of knowledge in its widest sense.

The Royal Academy of Doctors came into existence in 1914 as the Agrupación de Doctores Matriculados de Cataluña, later renamed as the Academy of Doctors of Catalonia and Balearic Islands, governed as the Academy of Catalonia by Decree 90/1989, of 13th March, and was then reaffirmed in its title as Royal on 2nd October 1989.

The Academy is considered an advisory organ of the Generalitat, for the purposes of the Law of Spanish Historic Heritage and for the material related to the public organisms of Catalonia, and for the public administrations in general, at a local level, and in the European Union, in accordance with the applicable legislation in each case.

The Royal Academy of Doctors incorporates numerary members of the highest level in science from all the area of the European Union.